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Coronary Artery Disease

Coronary artery disease (CAD) occurs when the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle become hardened and narrowed. The arteries harden and become narrow due to the buildup of plaque on the inner walls or lining of the arteries (atherosclerosis). CAD is the most common type of heart disease and is the leading cause of death in the U.S. in both men and women.

recommended reading
These articles provide in-depth information and are written to help you make the best healthcare decisions for you and your loved ones.
Coronary Artery Disease
Heart Attack and Unstable Angina
Women and Coronary Artery Disease
decision points
When dealing with an illness or health problem, you have to make decisions—when to call a doctor, which test to have, and what treatment to use. Decision Points are designed to help you learn about your choices and options, and to prepare you to work with your healthcare provider to make the best decision for your care.
Should I have angiography to test for coronary artery disease?
Should I receive CPR and mechanical ventilation?
Should I stop life-prolonging treatment?
action sets
Action Sets are designed to help you take an active role in managing a health condition. Action Sets provide the tools and information you can use in the day-to-day management of your health conditions.
Exercising for a healthy heart
Tips for following the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet
tests & procedures

You doctor may recommend one or more of the following tests to evaluate your condition.

Cardiac Catheterization
Cardiac Enzyme Studies
Cardiac Perfusion Scan
Cholesterol & Triglycerides Tests
Electrocardiography (EKG, ECG)
Exercise Electrocardiography

For other tests and diagnostic procedures use the section of this site called Medical Tests A to Z.

Chest Pain
Healthy Weight
Heart Failure
High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)
High Cholesterol
Low-Dose Aspirin Therapy
Metabolic Syndrome
Smoking Cessation
medication center
medication assistance

This section provides you with an alphabetical listing of more than 1,000 medications, including prescription drugs and those you can purchase over-the-counter. Just select your medications to learn more about them. You can choose your medication by brand name or generic name.

Medications A-Z

If you are having difficulty paying for your medications you may qualify for financial assistance or free medications. Visit the Medication Assistance Center to learn about available medication and insurance programs.

Don't let financial problems stop you from getting the treatment you need; there are resources and organizations that may be able to help you.

additional resources

This listing provides you with Internet sites that are sponsored by government agencies or are well-known and credible national organizations.

American Heart Association
Interactive Heart Healthy Diet—National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
MEDLINEplus—Coronary Disease
MEDLINEplus—Heart Attack
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)

Surfing the Internet
When looking at Internet sites, remember that the information can be sponsored by anyone. Take into account the sponsoring group or individual when gathering information or help. Be especially careful about giving out personal or financial information.

Learn more about surfing the web:

Ataques al corazón - [Heart Attack]
Dolor en el pecho - [Chest Pain]
La buena condición física - [Fitness]
Nivel elevado de colesterol - [High Cholesterol]
Nutrición - [Nutrition]
Palpitaciones del corazón - [Heart Palpitations]
Presión alta - [High Blood Pressure]
Qué hacer en una emergencia - [Dealing With Emergencies]
Reanimación respiratoria y reanimación cardiopulmonar - [Rescue Breathing and CPR]
Un peso saludable - [Healthy Weight]

Last modified on: 30 June 2015

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